The European Parliament represents over 500 million inhabitants divided among the 28 Member States of the European Union. It is the only institution of the EU which is elected directly by its citizens every five years, it constitutes the principal democratic basis of the Union. With the entry into vigour of the Treaty of Lisbon, the Parliament received equal status as the Council in the framework of the legislative procedure. The treaty increased its role in the budget domain and in the control of the Executive of the Union. Between the 22nd and 25th May 2014, the next elections to the European Parliament will be held in all the Member countries of the European Union to elect 751 deputies. These will be the 8th European elections since the first direct vote was held in 1979. The European elections have a long history which began before the first election by direct universal suffrage in 1979 with the constitution of a working group presided over by the Belgian deputy, Fernand Dehousse in 1958. This Committee was given the duty of elaborating the proposals in view of the direct election of members of the European Parliamentary Assembly by the Commission for Political Affairs and Institutional questions by the Parliamentary Assembly of the European Communities. The background to the European elections is well documented in the archival fonds of the European institutions and in the private fonds held in the Historical Archives of the European Union in Florence. To illustrate the richness and the diversity of these fonds, the HAEU in partnership with the Archives Service of the European Parliament is offering an historical journey of the European Elections by means of a weekly selection of photos, posters, press cuttings and official documents.